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Bertinoro, Italy

Thermal town between rationalism and Roman inspiration

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Castrocaro, Italy

Illusory beauty

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Cesenatico, Italy

Town of holiday camps

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Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria

Between modernism and Stalinist architecture

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Forlì, Italy

Showcase of modernity – a story of contradictions

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Forlimpopoli, Italy

Urban regeneration

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Iasi, Romania

Modern and ancient, side by side

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Labin, Croatia

Industrial mining town in transformation

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Predappio, Italy

From pilgrim destination to site of critical reflection

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Rasa, Croatia

Between Istrian tradition and modern architecture

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Sofia, Bulgaria

Architectural landmarks from two different periods

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Torviscosa, Italy

Town of autarchy and cellulose

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Tresigallo, Italy

Planned town dedicated to agricultural industry

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Traces of two regimes

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Tirana, Albania

A mosaic of architectural styles

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Ferrara, Italy

Rationalist traces in a Renaissance city


Schools, sports and the Mussolini myth

Forlimpopoli, Italy

In the imagination of Fascist Italy, Forlimpopoli was another significant town for the construction of the Mussolini myth, as the Fascist leader had spent various years there: first at primary school, then at a technical school (1895-1898) and finally at a secondary school, where he graduated in 1901.

Given this background, more than in any other place, the Fascist leader wanted to demonstrate the regime’s attention towards the education of young people. In 1935, the teacher training school, where Mussolini had studied, was reopened and subsequently enlarged. Then, between 1934 and 1937, the ONB building (today known as the ‘ex GIL’) for the physical education of the Fascist youth was constructed. It is a prime example of rationalist architecture, designed by the famous architect Cesare Valle. Unusual for this type of building is its monumental tower.

Another example of rationalist architecture is the former pumping station of the Spinadello Aqueduct, which provided an efficient water supply for the towns of Forlimpopoli, Lugo, Cotignola and Bertinoro. The building, which is immersed into a nature park, has recently been restored, awaiting new cultural uses.