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Bertinoro, Italy

Thermal town between rationalism and Roman inspiration

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Castrocaro, Italy

Illusory beauty

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Cesenatico, Italy

Town of holiday camps

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Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria

Between modernism and Stalinist architecture

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Forlì, Italy

Showcase of modernity – a story of contradictions

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Forlimpopoli, Italy

Urban regeneration

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Iasi, Romania

Modern and ancient, side by side

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Labin, Croatia

Industrial mining town in transformation

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Predappio, Italy

From pilgrim destination to site of critical reflection

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Rasa, Croatia

Between Istrian tradition and modern architecture

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Sofia, Bulgaria

Architectural landmarks from two different periods

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Torviscosa, Italy

Town of autarchy and cellulose

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Tresigallo, Italy

Planned town dedicated to agricultural industry

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Traces of two regimes

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Tirana, Albania

A mosaic of architectural styles

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Ferrara, Italy

Rationalist traces in a Renaissance city

Castrocaro Terme e Terra del Sole

Illusory beauty

Illusory beauty

The thermal complex of Castrocaro Terme is a splendid example of beautiful Art Déco perfectly merged with modern architecture, almost leading us to forget the terrible ideals behind the regime, which built it. Still today, international guests enjoy the healing waters of the unique spa resort.

Castrocaro thermal complex: Marriage between Rationalism and Art Déco

The thermal complex of Castrocaro Terme is unique in Italy, combining rationalist architecture and the decorative style of Art Déco. It was Tito Chini, who decorated the buildings with ceramics and paintings, celebrating water, life and games.
Between 1936 and 1938, the new luxurious spa complex added to the existing thermal structure built in the 19th century. Three buildings were constructed and decorated: the Grand Hotel, a spa building (Palazzo delle Terme) for thermal treatments, and the festival hall (Padiglione delle Feste), all immersed in a vast and lush park. With elegantly decorated interiors, luxurious exteriors of terracotta, travertine and marble as well as modern facilities, Castrocaro gained international reputation as a spa resort.

Modernisation, recreation, and grandeur

Castrocaro Terme and Fratta Terme are the only hot spring resorts built from scratch under the Fascist regime in Italy - both in the province of Forlì. In fact, Mussolini devoted great attention to the modernisation of the province of his origins. The Fascist leader carried out a number of measures, among which the valorisation of the spa resorts (tourism programme).
Moreover, the thermal complexes were part of the social and health programme, supposed to regenerate the Italian population. However, the thermal complex of Castrocaro was designed for high society, offering a place for recreation and diversion. It hosted an international clientele, as well as political leaders to be received by Mussolini.
Known as the “spa of the Mussolini family” (“le Terme dei Mussolini”), it was a place aimed at displaying the power and grandeur of the regime. Furthermore, it was part of the construction of the Mussolini myth in the province of his origins.