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Bertinoro, Italy

Thermal town between rationalism and Roman inspiration

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Castrocaro, Italy

Illusory beauty

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Cesenatico, Italy

Town of holiday camps

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Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria

Between modernism and Stalinist architecture

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Forlì, Italy

Showcase of modernity – a story of contradictions

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Forlimpopoli, Italy

Urban regeneration

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Iasi, Romania

Modern and ancient, side by side

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Labin, Croatia

Industrial mining town in transformation

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Predappio, Italy

From pilgrim destination to site of critical reflection

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Rasa, Croatia

Between Istrian tradition and modern architecture

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Sofia, Bulgaria

Architectural landmarks from two different periods

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Torviscosa, Italy

Town of autarchy and cellulose

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Tresigallo, Italy

Planned town dedicated to agricultural industry

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Traces of two regimes

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Tirana, Albania

A mosaic of architectural styles

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Ferrara, Italy

Rationalist traces in a Renaissance city

AGIP holiday camp

Promoting the cult of the body and health

Cesenatico, Italy

During the 1930s Mussolini promoted the development of holiday camps (“colonie”) for worker’s children as part of his social and health programme. In fact, they are a perfect example of the state planning of the Fascist regime. With no previous models to draw from, architects had great leeway for exploration and innovation. The AGIP holiday camp (1937-38) designed by Giuseppe Vaccaro, is one of the few well-preserved holiday camps still used for children summer camps today.

Peculiar architectural style

The Agip holiday camp manifests a strong influence of European rationalism (especially the Bauhaus School) as well as 1920s futurism. Situated in an uncontaminated landscape, the Agip holiday camp, keeps its decisive compositional lines still today. It is characterised by a rigorous symmetry and by the building’s peculiar relationship with the landscape and the seaside through the alternation of internal and external spaces. Throughout the year, numerous events within the complex provide significant opportunities for the active participation on the part of citizens, as well as education and awareness raising on the topics of the ATRIUM route.

Testimony of Fascist social and health policy

The Agip holiday camp is “a material testimony of the social costumes between the two wars […], thus one of the most significant modern buildings of the Romagna coast” (Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Environment). In fact, the holiday camp clearly demonstrates the Fascist regime’s priorities with respect to social and health policy. The building was part of Mussolini’s ambitious social and health programme, aimed to prevent and cure diseases of the time (such as tuberculosis) and to promote the cult of body and health. This architectural heritage is perfect evidence of the state planning of the Fascist regime and the development of its society and values, whether real or imposed.