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Bertinoro, Italy

Thermal town between rationalism and Roman inspiration

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Castrocaro, Italy

Illusory beauty

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Cesenatico, Italy

Town of holiday camps

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Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria

Between modernism and Stalinist architecture

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Forlì, Italy

Showcase of modernity – a story of contradictions

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Forlimpopoli, Italy

Urban regeneration

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Iasi, Romania

Modern and ancient, side by side

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Labin, Croatia

Industrial mining town in transformation

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Predappio, Italy

From pilgrim destination to site of critical reflection

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Rasa, Croatia

Between Istrian tradition and modern architecture

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Sofia, Bulgaria

Architectural landmarks from two different periods

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Torviscosa, Italy

Town of autarchy and cellulose

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Tresigallo, Italy

Planned town dedicated to agricultural industry

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Uble,Croatia

Traces of two regimes

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Tirana, Albania

A mosaic of architectural styles

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Ferrara, Italy

Rationalist traces in a Renaissance city

Grand Hotel

Between rationalism and Roman inspiration

Bertinoro and Fratta Terme, Italy

In 1936, the Fascist National Institute for Social Security (INFPS) commissioned the engineer Giambattista Giocoli to design the bathing facilities and hotel. Once a place of Fascist consensus building, today the unique spa resort offers both relax and historical insights.

Fusion of ”rationalised“ and classical elements

The façade of the imposing building forms an 80m convex curve. Its huge dimension is divided by pairs of semi-columns, devoid of any decorative element, and is thus highly “rationalised“. A massive classical cornice and the overall monumentality of the building celebrate the Roman origins of the thermal town. Roman-inspired decorations embellish the hot springs, which are immersed in a lush park.

Mussolini’s political programmes

The valorisation of the spa resort of Fratta Terme was part of Mussolini’s tourism programme aimed at promoting the development of tourism in the art and spa towns in the province of his origins. Urban design and architecture served as powerful instruments to construct the Mussolini myth in and around Forlì.
Moreover, the thermal complex was part of the social and health programme, supposed to regenerate the Italian population. Offering thermal treatments to the lower classes was a way to build consensus among the masses.

The spa resort today

In 2008, after five years of restoration work, the spa resort reopened to the public. Seven different thermal waters (iodic, arsenic, sulphur, sodium chloride, magnesium) indulge the visitors in a relaxing atmosphere.