Traces of two regimes
Founded as an industrial town under the Italian Fascist regime and turned into a military base during the Yugoslav communist regime, today, the inhabitants of Uble face the built heritage of two totalitarian regimes.
Uble under the Fascist regime
Uble (formerly San Pietro) was the first of three newly-planned industrial towns on Croatia's Adriatic coast, alongside Raša and Podlabin. It was planned and built between 1933 and 1936 during the Fascist occupation, when the Italian government decided to establish città di fondazione (planned towns) in the style of Italian rationalism.
Modern urban concept
The former industrial town located on the Dalmatian island of Lastovo on the Eastern Adriatic coast developed around a sardine factory established in 1931, destroyed later in the 1970s. According to the typical modern concept of functional zoning, the rationalist town was arranged in three zones: industrial complex, central square and residential zone. The port and town were built and ship and hydroplane connections established. This major state investment was supposed to revive a remote area of Italy and promote the Fascist regime.
Italian Novecento and rationalism
The St. Peter’s Square of the small planned town with its golden ratio proportions looks almost like a stage setting, displaying some of the most important examples of the Italian Novecento (the St. Peter’s Church) and rationalism in Croatia.
Uble under the Yugolav communist regime
After WW II, Tito’s communist regime turned Uble into a military base. The former school canteen was replaced in 1974 by a military hotel. In the courtyard of the former Casa del Fascio (former Fascist party building), the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) built an outdoor cinema.
Today, there are several projects to preserve this built heritage and revitalise the small town. The cinema, for instance, has recently been restored and organizes contemporary film screenings (‘Cinema LA’ and ‚Kino Mediteran‘).