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Slide item 1

Port of Uble: the planned town founded by the Italian Fascist regime developed around a sardine. factory

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Architectural traces of two regimes: the Italian Fascist regime and the Yugoslav communist regime.

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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St. Peter's Square: Italian Novecento and rationalism

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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St. Peter's Church in the style of Italian Novecento

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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View on the Casa del Fascio from below the church porch

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Former Casa del Fascio in the style of Italian rationalism, today abandoned

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Courtyard of the former Casa del Fascio: transformed into an outdoor cinema by the Yugoslav troops in the 1970s

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Restored cinema: contemporary film screenings revitalise the small town.

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Residential street with view on the St Peter's Church

Photo: Sonja Jankov

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Former military hotel built under the Yugoslav regime in the 1970s

Photo: Sonja Jankov

Uble, Croatia

Traces of two regimes

Founded as an industrial town under the Italian Fascist regime and turned into a military base during the Yugoslav communist regime, today, the inhabitants of Uble face the built heritage of two totalitarian regimes.

Uble under the Fascist regime

Uble (formerly San Pietro) was the first of three newly-planned industrial towns on Croatia's Adriatic coast, alongside Raša and Podlabin. It was planned and built between 1933 and 1936 during the Fascist occupation, when the Italian government decided to establish città di fondazione (planned towns) in the style of Italian rationalism.

Modern urban concept

The former industrial town located on the Dalmatian island of Lastovo on the Eastern Adriatic coast developed around a sardine factory established in 1931, destroyed later in the 1970s. According to the typical modern concept of functional zoning, the rationalist town was arranged in three zones: industrial complex, central square and residential zone. The port and town were built and ship and hydroplane connections established. This major state investment was supposed to revive a remote area of Italy and promote the Fascist regime.

Italian Novecento and rationalism

The St. Peter’s Square of the small planned town with its golden ratio proportions looks almost like a stage setting, displaying some of the most important examples of the Italian Novecento (the St. Peter’s Church) and rationalism in Croatia.

Uble under the Yugolav communist regime

After WW II, Tito’s communist regime turned Uble into a military base. The former school canteen was replaced in 1974 by a military hotel. In the courtyard of the former Casa del Fascio (former Fascist party building), the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) built an outdoor cinema.

Uble today

Today, there are several projects to preserve this built heritage and revitalise the small town. The cinema, for instance, has recently been restored and organizes contemporary film screenings (‘Cinema LA’ and ‚Kino Mediteran‘).

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