Modern housing for the masses
The urban design of the residential complex “Third March” combines a street with an important entrance and exit function and the adjacent square – a secondary city centre with a powerful architectural image.
Hygenic living conditions for the workers
According to modernist ideas in urban design, standardised houses were constructed amidst green zones. The residential complex “Third March” provided hygienic living conditions for a large number of workers and their families. Yesterday’s poor farmers became residents of the new socialist town. The blocks of flats along the “Third March” Boulevard are characterised by “socialist classicism” imposed by the Soviet Union: four-storeyed, monolithic houses with pitched roofs, some of them with shops on the ground floor.
Proletarian upbringing and propaganda
Devoid of decorations in neoclassical style are the two main buildings of the square, built later on, in 1961: the hostel of the chemical plant and the former Trade Union House of Culture “Himik”. The latter one dominates the square with a huge sculpture on top of it, displaying a worker and a peasant woman. This new type of building was taking over the symbolic function of the church as the new sacred place for the proletarian upbringing – a clear act of propaganda.